At that time, vairocana buddha began speaking in general about the mindground for the benefit of the great assembly. Brahman is that from which the origin of this world proceed. Chapter i of the brahma sutras by swami sivananda, the. Each sutra contains a wordbyword and a running translation. Commentators write pages after pages in explaining the meaning of one.
Chapter i of the brahma sutras by swami sivananda, the divine life society, sivananda ashram, rishikesh, india brahma sutras by swami sivananda the. The brahma sutras or brahmasuthra are attributed to badarayana. It is stated that while adi shankara is the exponent of kevala advaita or fundamental monism, ramanuja acharya is an ardent exponent of vishishta advaita or qualified monism, nimbaka acharya is the exponent of bhedaabheda vaada or of. Sanskrit text with english translation of shankara bhashya. One of indias most influential scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, radhakrishnan is thought of. Brahma sutra bhashya by adi shankaracharya sanskrit. This is a great authority for every philosophical school in india. After contemplating on this point, lord vyasadeva wrote the brahma sutra by dividing the statements of the upanisads. The brahma sutras are the third of the canonical texts and are regarded as the nyayaprasthana, because they explain the teachings of vedanta in a logical order. The brahma sutras, in addition to recommending meditation, suggest that rituals and. The brahma sutra or, vedanta sutra is one of the three canonical texts of the vedanta school of hindu philosophy and represents an early exposition the vedantic interpretation of the upanishads. The brahma sutra consists of 555 aphorisms or sutras, in 4 chapters, each chapter being divided into 4 sections each.
This is the english translation of the brahmasutras including the commentary bhashya of shankara. In this, he firmly refutes the advaita view as proposed by adi shankara in his commentary. These sanskrit texts can be viewed on this website in any of 11 indian language scripts, including roman. Which is translated into english, you can read it in online.
Chapter i of the brahma sutras by swami sivananda, the divine life society, sivananda ashram, rishikesh, india brahma sutras by swami sivananda the divine life society sivananda ashram, rishikesh, india table of. Such is the authority of the brahma sutras, the work of baadarayana. Commentaries there have been many on the brahma sutras, but either they are too short and insufficient to be useful for a comprehensive study of the sutras, or are extremely tough and abstruse to be utilised by men of ordinary. Brahma sutra vedanta sutra english translation brahma. Adi sankara is believed to be the organizer of the dasanami monastic order and the founder of the. Sutra is a thread that connects different parts of the vision of truth. For the brahma sutra in sanskrit see pdf of translation by swami sivananda, starting on p. The brahma sutras, also known as vedanta sutras, constitute the nyaya prasthana, the logical starting point of the vedanta philosop. Brahma sutras project gutenberg selfpublishing ebooks.
It systematically summarizes the philosophical and spiritual concepts discussed in the upanishads. Chapter i of the brahma sutras by swami sivananda, the divine. If anyone happens to have a pdf or hard copy of volume 14 of works of sri. Read badrayanas brahma sutra, the authoritative text that systematically. The brahma sutra defines the thread of life force prana by which all of the universal objects are bound together.
Brahmacharya ki shakti by swami rama tirtha pdf hindi 11. The brahmasutras begin with the sutra, athato brahma jignasa, which means, now then let us have an enquiry about brahman and concludes with the sutra, anavruttihi sabdat, anavruttihi sabdat, which means, not returning back in samsara in the mundane world which means the attainment of mukti. Brahmasutra is written by lord vedavyasa who is none other than the incarnation of lord narayana. This essence of brahma sutras is based on adi shankara bhashya. In order to harmonise these multifaceted statements, bhagavan sri krishna dvaipayana vyasa wrote a new text called the brahma sutras. Full text of brahma sutra sankara bhashya english translation vasudeo mahadeo apte 1960 see other formats. Original sanskrit brahma sutra bhashya by adi shankaracharya. The whole of sankaras philosophy may be summed up as. Vedantasutras with commentary by sankaracharya free pdf. Commentaries there have been many on the brahma sutras, but either they are too short and insufficient to be useful for a comprehensive study of the sutras, or are extremely tough and abstruse to be utilised by men of ordinary understanding. Those who wish to study the philosophy of vedanta should study the ten classical upanishads and the brahma sutras.
Brahma sutras according to sri sankara sanskritenglish. Shankara bhashya sanskrit pdf original sanskrit brahma sutra bhashya by adi shankaracharya. Bharat ratna sarvepalli radhakrishnan was an indian philosopher and statesman. Brahma sutra for the beginnerswith introduction, a substant. Ramanuja also wrote a commentary on the brahma sutra, called sri bhasya, which lays the foundations of the vishishtadvaita tradition. The founder of a new re li gious and philo soph i cal school had sim ply to write a new com men tary on the brahma. Nirnaya sagara edition of the gita with the bhashya of shankaracharya. The brahma sutra makes a statement brahman is to be known. Brahmasutra bhasya of sri madhvacharya with glosses in sanskrit. How do the bhagavad gita and the brahma sutras refer to each. Com men tar ies there have been many on the brahma sutras. Such is the au thor ity of the brahma sutras, the work of baadarayana. An edition of the brahmasutras on similar lines was overdue. While commentators like adi shankara treat badarayana, the author of the brahma sutra, as the jnanashakti avatara knowledgepower incarnation of god, vaishnavite tradition identifies him with krishna dwipayana vyasa, the author of the mahabharata.
Here, we are going to just analyze the four sutras briefly for fear of being too exhaustive and so that everyone will be able to go through it and assimilate the meaning. Brahma sutras is the essence of vedanta, which means the logical end of vedas. The brahma sutras contain more than five hundred and fifty small, enigmatic statements, known as sutras. Vedanta sutras, uttara mimamsa sutras, sariraka sutras, sariraka mimamsa sutras. Gross conveyance leads to rituals, dharma sastras dos and donts, etc and subtle conveyance leads realization of brahman, also known as the self. The text of the brahma sutras in sanskrit is included. It is like a constitution, which guidelines the spiritual knowledge unleashed by shruthi, smriti, ithihasa, puranas, pancharathra and moola ramayana.
Chapter i of the brahma sutras by swami sivananda, the divine life society, sivananda ashram, rishikesh, india baadarayana. They can be harmonised by a higher perception of what is there and what is happening. Sometimes there is no verb, and sometimes there is only a verb without a subject. The brahma sutras attempt to reconcile the seemingly contradictory and diverse statements of the various. An analysis of the brahma sutra by swami krishnananda all disturbing and distracting notions in the mind have to be obviated first before we try to plunge into the nature of brahman that is to be known.
He was the first vicepresident of india 19521962 and subsequently the second president of india 19621967. Introduction of brahma sutra 6 1 jijnasa adhikaranam 1 a sutra 1 103 1 1 2 janmady adhikaranam 2 a sutra 2 2 2 2 3 sastrayonitv adhikaranam 3 a sutra 3 3 3 3 4 samanvay adhikaranam 4 a sutra 4 204 4 4 5 ikshatyadyadhikaranam. The brahma sutras attempt to reconcile the seemingly contradictory and diverse statements of the various upanishads and the bhagavad gita, by placing each teaching in a doctrinal context. The brahma sutra bhasya is an important but difficult vedanta scripture. Other features of this website include an easytouse navigation bar, 2book view for comparative study, pdf files for downloading the texts and an annotated list of related websites. Brahma sutras by swami sivananda an elaborate introduction precedes the work, along with a short introduction and summary of the different adhikaranas topics preceding each pada section. The doctrine advocated by sankaracharyas comments is the most important and. Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and there is ultimately no difference between brahman and individual self.
The brahma sutras particularly consist of sayings which are so short that we can make no sense by reading the sutra by itself. The brahma sutras, in addition to recommending meditation, suggest that rituals and rites are unnecessary because it is knowledge that achieves the purpose. Repetition, on account of the text teaching what has to be done more than once. The brahma sutras is a sanskrit text believed to date from around 450 to 200 b. The brahma sutra is not simply a philosophy like sankhya, patanjala, nyaya, vaisesika, and purvamimamsa, but it is spiritual literature that properly establishes the purport of the upanisads, which are the head of the vedas. This is the english translation of the brahma sutras including the commentary bhashya of shankara.
The topic of meditation, state the brahma sutras, is the spiritual knowledge of brahman. The founder of a new re li gious and philo soph i cal school had sim ply to writ e a new com men tary on the brahma sutras so that his v iew may be ac cepted by the m ass of peo ple. The topic of meditation, state the brahmasutras, is the spiritual knowledge of brahman. The brahma sutras as a moksha shastra swami krishnananda. The rest of the brahma sutra is an explanation and elucidation of these four sutras only. Is it the efficient cause, or the material cause, or both. The object of the second sutra is to give the shqa. Brahma sutras according to shankara 147 red zambala.
To comprehend the meaning of brahmasutras and decoding their meaning, one has to be guided by any one of the major commentaries written by the gifted masters and scholars of the yore. Brahma sathyam jagath mithya jaivo brahmaiva napara viveka chooda mani. Brahmasutraanuvyakyana is the great work of acharya madhwa, which goes to depict the actual meaning of brahmasutra written by lord vedavyasa, who is none other than lord narayana. Mar 25, 20 brahma sutra is the essence of vedanta, which means the logical end of vedas. Because scripture is the source of the knowledge of brahman. Brahmasutra bhasya of sri madhvacharya with glosses in. The work is known by other names including vedanta sutra, sariraka sutra, and bhiksu sutra. Moreover, considering the flow of the discourse in the bhagavadgita and the brahma sutra, it seems very unlikely that the references are spurious insertions. The present work is intended to fulfil this want and to complete in this series the prasthanatraya. Brahma sutra shankara bhashyam englishbadarayanas brahma sutras with shankaracharyas commentarytranslated into english by v. The prima facie view is that brahman is only the efficient cause, as texts like he thought. Vedantasutras with the commentary by sankaracharya. Brahma sutra bhashyam of adi sankara sanskrit text only.1294 804 1418 116 629 601 1206 23 487 1293 829 905 1460 994 88 955 787 86 614 731 646 1182 383 333 739 510 27 321 525 1213 1314 530